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What Are The Main Causes Of Cervical Cancer

What Are The Main Causes Of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is one of the most common types of cancer among women. It is a type of cancer that develops in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus where it meets the vagina. While cervical cancer can be deadly, it can also be prevented or caught early when appropriate screening methods are used. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and prevention of cervical cancer.

Causes of Cervical Cancer

Causes of Cervical Cancer

There are several risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing cervical cancer. One of the main culprits is the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a very common sexually transmitted infection that can cause cells in the cervix to become abnormal and eventually turn into cancer. HPV is responsible for 99% of cervical cancer cases.

Other risk factors for cervical cancer include:

  • Smoking
  • Having a weakened immune system
  • Having a family history of cervical cancer
  • Using birth control for a long period of time
  • HIV infection

It's important to note that while these risk factors can increase the chances of developing cervical cancer, not all women who have these risk factors will develop the disease.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

In its early stages, cervical cancer often has no symptoms. This is why regular Pap tests are so important in detecting cervical cancer early, when it is most treatable. As cervical cancer progresses, symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding after sex or between periods
  • Pain during sex
  • Pelvic pain
  • Increase in vaginal discharge

If you experience any of these symptoms, it's important to speak with your healthcare provider. These symptoms can be caused by other conditions besides cervical cancer, but it's better to be safe and get checked out.

Prevention of Cervical Cancer

There are several ways to prevent cervical cancer. The most effective way is through vaccination against HPV. The HPV vaccine is highly effective in preventing infections that can lead to cervical cancer. The vaccine is recommended for both males and females between the ages of 9 and 26.

Other ways to prevent cervical cancer include:

  • Getting regular Pap tests
  • Quitting smoking
  • Practicing safe sex
  • Limiting the number of sexual partners
  • Using barrier methods of contraception, such as condoms

In conclusion, while cervical cancer can be a serious and life-threatening disease, it is also highly preventable. By getting vaccinated, getting screened regularly, and taking steps to reduce your risk, you can significantly decrease your chances of developing cervical cancer.